the Council of Trent (15451563 29 and numerous other official documents. 1210 manuscript version of the traditional Shield of the Trinity theological diagram The Catholic Church holds that there is one eternal God, who exists as a perichoresis mutual indwelling of three hypostases, or "persons God. 368 Initiated by Pope John xxiii, this ecumenical council modernised the practices of the Catholic Church, allowing the Mass to be said in the vernacular (local language) and encouraging "fully conscious, and active participation in liturgical celebrations". Pope Alexander VI had awarded colonial rights over most of the newly discovered lands to Spain and Portugal 320 and the ensuing patronato system allowed state authorities, not the Vatican, to control all clerical appointments in the new colonies. Hanover.edu, 12 September 2018. quot;: "The use of the adjective 'Catholic' as a modifier of 'Church' became divisive only after the EastWest Schism. As of 2008, the Catholic Church has 2,795 dioceses. Also as of the end of 2014, there were 465,595 ordained clergy, including 5,237 bishops, 415,792 presbyters (diocesan and religious and 44,566 deacons (permanent). 75 Examples of institutes of consecrated life are the Benedictines, the Carmelites, the Dominicans, the Franciscans, the Missionaries of Charity, the Legionaries of Christ and the Sisters of Mercy.